Logistics 4.0: know what it is, and what are the main challenges

In this article we will show a little more about what the concept of logistics 4.0 is, when it emerged and how it can revolutionize the market. Good reading!

What is Logistics 4.0?

Logistics 4.0 uses new technologies throughout the logistics process in order to make it more productive, efficient and computerized.

It is worth mentioning that what we know today as logistics 4.0 is nothing more than a direct result of the fourth industrial revolution, which was marked by the arrival of new technologies.

Among them are the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Cloud Computing, Sensors, Simulators, 3D Printers and Robotics.

These new technologies are used in traditional logistics equipment such as cargo tracking , pallets, containers, etc.

Therefore, a modern operational ecosystem is created, which offers each one of the agents in the supply chain the visibility to route transport and carry out other tasks in an optimized way.

What are the main characteristics of logistics 4.0?

The main characteristic of logistics 4.0 is the use of new technologies in order to optimize the company’s processes and resources to ensure more efficiency in the market.

When compared to traditional logistics, we can see that it works with optimized stocks and smarter and more dynamic distribution centers.

In addition, it has a shorter lead time and full connectivity between all sectors. Due to technology, all agents have information in real time.

Another important characteristic is that the integration of the supply chain with other company services is practically total, which guarantees even more efficiency.

What is the purpose of logistics 4.0?

The objective of logistics 4.0 is to make all operations more modern, through enabling technologies that improve the supply flow of raw materials, semi-finished and finished products.

In addition, it seeks to deepen the implementation of business automation to optimize material flows using intelligent resources , both in the inbound and outbound process.

The intention is to digitize the logistics ecosystem, making business models and processes more flexible, as well as the relationship between an organization and its partners.

How do logistics 4.0 processes work?

In logistics 4.0, processes are integrated through technology, taking advantage of the potential of automation to revolutionize operations.

Therefore, it has the “network” operation of the processes, both inside and outside the companies. It is worth saying that both man and material are considered by her as opposite “points”.

To connect one point to the other, technology is needed through smart devices, autonomous equipment, etc.

There are many processes related to logistics, and when you have this integration, there is better management of all stages, ensuring more predictability in relation to problems that may arise.

What are the advantages of logistics 4.0?

As we have seen, logistics 4.0 seeks to integrate all sectors in order to create a more efficient and agile system, which brings several benefits to the business, namely:

  • loss reduction;
  • greater efficiency;
  • better customer experience;
  • more connectivity;
  • real-time information;

Reduction of losses

Through logistical modernization , you adapt all production processes, adapting methods such as lean manufacturing, just in time and cross docking, which reduces raw material losses, as well as output products.

Greater business efficiency

As logistics 4.0 optimizes all logistics processes, generating more automation and data integration, it is possible to analyze each step of the chain in a deeper way. The result is that you can more easily identify and eliminate bottlenecks.

Best customer experience

With more agile processes, it is assumed that deliveries are made on time or even before, without ignoring the maximum quality of the products. Therefore, the occurrence of order errors is reduced and, as a result, you will have even more satisfied customers.

More connectivity

As logistics 4.0 is based on the adoption of innovative new technologies, all points in the process become more connected.

After all, it enhances the integration of information through a tuned network of systems, software, devices and sensors.

Real-time information

With more connectivity and technological application, you have access to all stages in real time. This is fundamental to create more efficient strategies, and even to enrich the analysis of logistics performance indicators.

What are the main technologies of logistics 4.0?

To be applied, logistics 4.0 uses several technological solutions, namely:

  • Internet of Things (IoT) – Its purpose is to connect the equipment used in everyday life to the internet;
  • Artificial Intelligence – Enables some machines to make automatic decisions during the process;
  • Cloud Computing – Facilitates the management of information, allowing the collection, storage and availability of data quickly and securely;
  • Big Data – Provides a strategic view of the entire production chain;
  • Digital twin – Allows the creation of digital twins to evaluate changes and see the best logistics within the available space;
  • Machine learning – Makes machines learn automatically to act autonomously.

In addition, for logistics 4.0 to work at its fullest, it is essential to have an invoice consultation service to ensure that the flow of operations occurs without errors.